Mosque of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun
The Mosque of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun was built by al-Nasir Muhammad in 1318. The mosque is a massive rectangular building that is possibly on the site of a previous Ayyubid mosque, creating a dialogue of who is the victor between the Ayyubid and Mamluk eras.
The building has interesting architectural design choices. First of all, the building has a lot of crenelated walls, which alludes to the architectural designs of a fortress. The two minarets are the only minarets in Egypt whose bases are below the roof of the mosque itself. This could potentially be accredited to the roof being raised sometime in 1335. The minarets face in two important directions: "the military area in the western section, and the civilian area in the southern section of the citadel." (Torky).
Tarek Torky "Mosque of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun" in Discover Islamic Art, Museum With No Frontiers, 2019. 2019. http://islamicart.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=monument;ISL;eg;Mon01;11;en
“Masjid Al-Sultan Al-Nasir Muhammad Ibn Qalawun.” Archnet. Accessed October 14, 2019. https://archnet.org/sites/2737.
“Mosque of Sultan al-Nasir Muhammad ibn Qalawun,” Cairo, accessed August 7, 2020, http://2019fa-haa372.courses.depaul.press/items/show/48.